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Health

Osteomyelitis — Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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Bones are the most important tissue of the body. A good amount of bone marrow, healthy bone cells, and increased bone density build healthy bones.

Various bone diseases can affect bone and you can lose the strength of your bones. Bones will beak more fragile and more prone to bone infections.

Osteomyelitis is a type of bone infection that is due to the attack of bacteria or fungi on the bones.

Bone infections can affect children and adults. Longer bones of children are usually affected i.e arm bones and thigh bones. In adults, they usually appear in feet, spine, hips, and some other bones.

In some cases, bone infections appear suddenly, and in some cases and they develop slowly. It should be treated properly, otherwise, it can affect your bone permanently.

To keep bones healthy, you should consume foods regularly that is good for the health of bones such as collagen peptides.

What Causes Osteomyelitis:

Many organisms i.e bacteria and fungi can cause bone infection. Staphylococcus aureus is the main organism that is responsible for bone infection. Aureus travels through the bloodstream to the bones and creates an infection.

There are various other reasons for bone infections i.e. deep cut, or wound. If your bone is fractured, bacteria can enter the bones from that part. This is why you should properly clean the cuts and fractured bones. Otherwise, bacteria can damage infected bone and cause Osteomyelitis.

S.aureus bacteria is very common on the skin and normally it does no harm. These bacteria strengthen the immune system but sometimes it causes infections in injured areas.

Symptoms of Osteomyelitis:

Symptoms of Osteomyelitis may vary depending on the type of bone, severity of infection, and health of the body.

At the injection site, pain is very common that almost everyone experiences and this is the very first symptom.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Chills
  • Fevers
  • Redness in the infected area is also very common
  • Puss or drainage of other liquids from the infected area.
  • Stiffness of limb
  • Swelling

Diagnosis:

The above-mentioned symptoms can alert you that you be affected by osteomyelitis. But the doctor can perform diagnoses by examining the body.

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What are the Treatments:

Depending on the nature of the infection, the strength of the immune system, and the site of infection, the doctor may recommend various treatments.

Antibiotics are a crucial part of the treatment to cure the bone infection. The doctor may directly inject antibiotics in the veins or give the pills to eat depending on the severity of the infection.

Antibiotics quantity and duration may differ depending on the severity of the infection. Sometimes it is recommended to take antibiotics for six weeks.

More swerve cases of bone infection requires surgery. Surgeon drain abscesses or puss in the infected part of the bone. Sometimes a surgeon may remove dead tissues or infected bone. They clean the infected area very carefully otherwise after sometime bacteria again start effecting the bone.

Who is at Risk?

Bacterias are microorganisms that can affect anyone. But there are some things which can increase the risk of osteomyelitis. Here are some of them.

  • If you are diabetic you are more prone to osteomyelitis.
  • The use of drugs can weaken your immune system and increase your risk of various diseases.
  • Dialysis can also increase the risk of various diseases.
  • Artificial joints and bones are also not good for health. They are more prone to diseases.
  • Smoking

Can You Prevent This Disease?

Yes, every disease is preventable but you can’t prevent any disease completely. But by taking certain precautions, you can prevent various diseases, To prevent this disease, you should keep your body and hands clean. Examine and clean your wounds carefully. If your wounds are not healing properly, consult the doctor.

Take proper care of your wounds while walking, jumping, eating, or doing any other activity.

Here are some things which you should do to avoid osteomyelitis.

Eat Nutrients Rich Foods:

Eat foods that are rich in nutrients to increase the strength of the immune system. This will enhance the ability of the immune system and your wounds will recover fastly.

As fast as your wounds recover, there are fewer chances of the risk. Consume foods such as grass-fed beef bone broth to increase the strength of the immune system.

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